@Dumbarton Oaks

List Subjects

Subjects term Scope note
Arms (animal components)
Arsenals (buildings)
Art museums (institutions)
Art, Armenian (1)
Art, Russian
Art, Urartian
Artifacts (object genre)
  • Generally, objects made or modified by humans, typically manually portable products of human workmanship, such as tools, utensils, objects for personal adornment, or art, as distinguished from natural remains. Specifically, in archaeology, an artifact is an object made by a human culture and later recovered by an archaeological endeavor.
Artists (visual artists)
  • People who produce work in the visual arts.
Arts, ancient
  • The act or process of rising from the earthly to the heavenly sphere. It often specifically refers to Christ's ascension witnessed by the apostles forty days after his resurrection. Belief in Christ's ascension became an important part of Christianity, representing his oneness with God the Father, his transcendence over the limitations of time and space, and his universal availability. It can also refer to the ascent of the Prophet Muhammad to heaven.
  • Small dimension stone with a flat faced surface, usually square or rectangular.
Atriums (church courtyards)
Babel, Tower of
Baptismal fonts
Barrel ceilings
  • Ceilings of semicylindrical shape.
Barrel vaults
Bas-reliefs (sculpture)
Bases (object components)
  • Elements at the bottoms of structures or objects upon which the upper parts rest or are supported; for large objects, bases are often relatively massive.
Basins (vessels)
Baskets (containers)
  • Containers made of twigs, rushes, thin strips of wood, or other flexible material woven together.
Bathhouses (water recreation structures)
  • The washing of humans or animals.
Bays (building divisions)
Beds (furniture)
Belfries (equipment spaces)
Bell towers
  • Towers fitted and prepared for containing bells, can be either freestanding or attached to buildings or other structures. Their footprint can be either round or rectangular (typically square). For the spaces in which bells are hung, use
  • Refers to the apse or chancel of a basilica, usually in the context of ancient or Early Christian basilicas or meeting places, synagogues, or Eastern Orthodox churches.
Benches (furniture)
  • Long seats for two or more people, with or without a back, usually of wood, but also of stone, metal, or another material.
Betrayal in art
Biforate windows
Bird's-eye views
  • Refers to nonphotographic depictions having a viewpoint well above normal eye level. They are typically prints, drawings or paintings that incorporate a point of view as if the viewer were looking at the ground from the level of the clouds.
Birds (1)
Birds (motifs)
  • Stylized images of birds or birds' heads.
Bishops (prelates)
Black-and-white negatives
Black-and-white slides
Black-and-white transparencies
Blessing (religious function)
  • Consecrating or sanctifying by a holy rite; also, invoking God's favor upon a person.
Blind (people)
Blind arches
Blood (animal material)
  • Fluid that circulates in the principal vascular system of vertebrate animals.
Blown glass
Borders (ornament areas)
  • Council chambers of ancient Greek cities, the place where the Boulé, a senate, met.
Bowls (vessels)
Boxes (containers)
Braces (architectural supporting elements)
Bread stamps (liturgical objects)
Brick (clay product)
Brick stamps
Brickwork (masonry)
Bridges (built works)
Brushes (implements)
Buildings (structures)
Buildings (structures) 
Bulls (animals)
  • Mediterranean fruit tree gardens.
Busts (figures)
Buttresses (2)
Byzantine (culture and style) (1)
Byzantine Empire--History
Byzantine Empire--History--Palaeologi dynasty, 1259-1448
Byzantine music
Cain and Abel: Talking
Cain and Abel: Bringing offerings
Cain: Cursed
Cain: Killing Abel
Candlestands (lighting devices)
  • Tall standards usually meant to rest on the floor supporting arms or branches fitted with candle sockets; also shorter versions for use on tables or other raised surfaces.
Canteens (vessels)
  • Flasklike vessels used to carry water or other liquids as by hikers or soldiers; typically made of metal and carried in a cloth jacket.
Capitals (column components) (1)
Caravans (animal-drawn vehicles)
  • Covered, nonmotorized animal-drawn vehicles equipped as traveling living quarters, particularly those used in the 18th and 19th centuries by small itinerant groups or individuals, such as gypsies, tinkers, or traveling salespeople.
Caskets (personal gear)
  • Small chests or boxes for holding objects of value such as money, letters, and jewels; usually of wood or metal and highly ornamented and often hinged.
Catalogs (documents)
Cedrus deodara (species)
Ceilings (1)
  • Overhead surfaces of interior spaces, sometimes constructed to mask building systems or structural elements.
Cells (interior spaces)
  • Single rooms usually housing only one person within a building having numerous similar rooms, as in a convent or in a prison.
Ceramic tile
  • Fired clay in various shapes and thicknesses and with a variety of uses, as for surface covering, drainage, or construction.
Chairs (furniture forms)
Chalices (liturgical vessels)
  • Ecclesiastical drinking vessels for eucharistic wine having a stem, often with a central knop, and a foot; often made of precious metals and usually accompanied by a paten.
Chancel screens
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