@Dumbarton Oaks

Collection PH.BZ.019 - Edward Eliopoulos Photographs of Mani, Greece, 1958-1980

Identity area

Reference code

US DcWaDIC PH.BZ.019

Title

Edward Eliopoulos Photographs of Mani, Greece, 1958-1980

Date(s)

  • 1958-1980 (Creation)

Level of description

Collection

Extent and medium

93 black and white mounted photographic prints in the Black and White Mounted Photograph Collection (PH.BZ.001)
1 box of 105 color photographic prints and 1 black and white photographic print

Context area

Name of creator

Eliopoulos, Edward (born 1914)

Biographical history

Edward Eliopoulos was born in 1914. He was a member of the Greek Resistance during the Second World War and fled southwest from the area of Githion, into Mani, the southernmost tip of the Peloponnese. This was his first encounter with the region. Eliopoulos, mostly based in Athens, began photographing the architectural monuments, landscape, and inhabitants of Mani in 1958. He would explore Mani almost every month of the year, spending a whole week each month searching for sites to photograph. His documentation and research culminated in a collaboration with historian Peter Greenhalgh to write a historical and practical guidebook entitled Deep Into Mani: Journey to the Southern Tip of Greece. The goal of the publication was to encourage visitors to witness the rich and varied cultural heritage of the area, much of which had undergone significant deterioration. Together, Eliopoulos and Greenhalgh traveled through Mani in the summer of 1980. Eliopoulos provided his photographs to illustrate the text written by Greenhalgh. They considered Mani to be the most fascinating region of the Peloponnese, possessing historical sites from various time periods under Spartan, Roman, Byzantine, Frankish, Venetian and Ottoman rule, which were relatively understudied.

Over the years, Eliopoulos produced over 5,000 images documenting the Mani region, and exhibited selections of his photographs at the University of London, the Archaeological Association of Athens, and the Institut d’Art et d’Archéologie at Paris-Sorbonne University. Eliopoulos inspired his niece, Dora Eliopoulou-Rogan, to write a book entitled Mani: History and Monuments, also illustrated with his photographs.

Eliopoulos later resided in Dionisos, Greece.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

One hundred and fourteen (114) black and white prints were acquired from Eliopoulos in 1970-1972 by Susan Boyd, former Assistant Curator of the Photograph Collection (now ICFA). However, a selection of the photographs were returned to Eliopoulos due to their poor print quality, leaving a physical count of ninety-three (93) black and white prints that were actually incorporated into the Black and White Mounted Photograph Collection (PH.BZ.001) and one (1) loose print in ICFA’s backlog. Some of the photographs were created on commission. In 1970, the Photograph Collection (now ICFA) at Dumbarton Oaks began its relationship with Eliopoulos by acquiring a selection of Eliopoulos’s black and white photographs that depicted Byzantine architecture and wall painting. Photograph Collection staff also commissioned Eliopoulos to comprehensively photograph particular monuments such as the Church of Hagios Stratigos in Boularioi and the Church of Episkopi. Advancement in printing technology led to a later donation of color photographs in 2004, which documented various Byzantine churches and were printed from Eliopoulos’s personal collection of large format color slides produced between 1958 and 1980.

In 2007, Eliopoulos sent an additional donation of photographs to Alice-Mary Talbot, Director of Byzantine Studies at the time. A binder filled with seventy-eight (78) color photographs was received on January 25, 2004; an additional twenty-seven (27) color photographs was received in March 2004. The lack of technology in the 1970s to produce good quality prints from large format color slides led to the thirty year delay of the acquisition of the color prints. A Deed of Gift for the 2004 donation was signed by Eliopoulos and Shelia Klos, Director of the Library (1999-2015).

Content and structure area

Scope and content

The collection comprises 199 photographic prints by Edward Eliopoulos documenting Byzantine churches in Mani, Greece. Eliopoulos produced black and white photographs and color slides during his frequent visits to Mani between 1958 and 1980. Included are 94 black and white photographs and 105 color photographs. The photographs depict 17 churches in Mani, including their architecture, interior wall paintings, some sculptural details, and the surrounding landscape. Eliopoulos photographed sites dating from various historical periods, but the collection materials focus on churches dating roughly to the Middle Byzantine period, from ca. 900-1250.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Accruals

System of arrangement

The collection is divided into two (2) series. The first series includes black and white photographic prints that were acquired between 1970 and 1972 and incorporated into the Black and White Mounted Photograph Collection (PH.BZ.001). The second series includes color photographic prints that were acquired in 2004. All images illustrate Byzantine churches in Mani, Greece.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Access to the collection is unrestricted. It is available for research purposes only. Appointment is required for access because researcher space is limited: http://www.doaks.org/icfa-appointment-request-form. For research queries, contact the staff of Image Collections and Fieldwork Archives (icfa@doaks.org).

Conditions governing reproduction

Duplication of materials in the collection may be governed by copyright and other restrictions.

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

At Dumbarton Oaks:

  • Curator’s Office Files. Image Collections and Fieldwork Archives. Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Washington, D.C.
  • Photographs of Mani, Greece by Slobodan Ćurčić, 35 mm slide collection. Image Collections and Fieldwork Archives. Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Washington, D.C.
  • Photographs of Mani, Greece by Doula Mouriki and Dušan Tasić, Black and White Mounted Photograph Collection, PH.BZ.001. Image Collections and Fieldwork Archives. Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Washington, D.C.

Related descriptions

Publication note

Greenhalgh, Peter and Edward Eliopoulos. Deep into Mani: Journey to the Southern Tip of Greece. London: Faber and Faber, 1985.

Rogan, Dora Eliopoulou. Mani: History and Monuments. Athens: Lycabettus Press, 1973.

Notes area

Alternative identifier(s)

Access points

Place access points

Name access points

Description control area

Description identifier

US

Institution identifier

DcWaDIC

Rules and/or conventions used

Describing Archives: A Content Standard (DACS)

Status

Draft

Level of detail

Minimal

Dates of creation revision deletion

This record was created by Shalimar White on January 27, 2014 and edited by Shalimar White on August 6, 2015..

Language(s)

Script(s)

Sources


  • Drandakis, Nikolaos V. Byzantinai Toichografiai tis Mesa Manis. Athens, 1964.
  • Fermor, Patrick Leigh. Mani: Travels in the Southern Peloponnese. London: John Murray, 1958.
  • Megaw, Arthur. “Byzantine Architecture in Mani.” Annual of the British School at Athens 33 (1932-1933): 137-162.
  • Traquair, Ramsay. “The Churches of Western Mani.” Annual of the British School at Athens 15 (1908-1909): 177-213.

Archivist's note

A preliminary inventory and cataloguing of the color photographs in EmbARK was completed in 2004 by Smiljka Soretic, former Assistant to the Photograph Collection (now ICFA). Upon assessment of the collection by Jessica Cebra, ICFA Departmental Assistant, in November 2014, the majority of the photographs were found housed in plastic sleeves and stored in a red binder. An additional folder of loose photographs was also included in the binder. Cebra located an additional 93 black and white photographs by Eliopoulos in the Black and White Mounted Photograph Collection (PH.BZ.001), as well as 1 loose photograph in ICFA’s backlog. Since all of the Eliopoulos photographs depicted churches in Mani, Greece, Cebra compiled a comprehensive site list for both the color and black and white photographs to reflect the larger body of Eliopoulos’s work. Cebra created two (2) series to separate the black and white photographs, which were an earlier acquisition in the 1970s, from the color photographs acquired in 2004. The color photographs were grouped and arranged alphabetically by location and by church name, and then re-housed in one box.

Rights area

Related right

Act

Research

Restriction

Allow

Start date

End date

Rights holder

Rights note(s)

Preferred Citation: Edward Eliopoulos Photographs of Mani, Greece, 1958-1980, PH.BZ.019, Image Collections and Fieldwork Archives, Dumbarton Oaks, Trustees for Harvard University, Washington, D.C.

Basis

Policy

Related right

Act

Publish

Restriction

Allow

Start date

End date

Rights holder

Rights note(s)

Basis

Donor

Digital object metadata

Media type

Text

Mime-type

application/pdf

Filesize

142.7 KiB

Uploaded

August 6, 2015 11:21 AM

Digital object (External URI) rights area

Digital object (Reference) rights area

Digital object (Thumbnail) rights area

Accession area