@Dumbarton Oaks

Dossier 086 - Correspondence between Paul Underwood and William MacDonald

Zone d'identification

Code de référence

DcWaDIC MS.BZ.004-01-01-04-086

Intitulé

Correspondence between Paul Underwood and William MacDonald

Date(s)

  • July 29, 1951 (Production)

Niveau de description

Dossier

Importance matérielle et support

1 folder

Zone du contexte

Nom du producteur

Underwood, Paul A. (Paul Atkins) (February 22,1902-September 22,1968)

Notice biographique

Paul Underwood was born on February 22, 1902, in Aguadilla, Puerto Rico, and died on September 22, 1968, in Knoxville, TN. He received his Bachelor of Science degree in Architecture with high honors from Princeton University in 1925. From 1929-1931, he practiced architecture in New York, but had to postpone his career in the field due to the Great Depression. During this time, Underwood traveled to Greece, where he stayed for approximately three years, and became interested in classical and medieval monuments. In 1935, Underwood pursued a graduate degree in the Department of Art and Archaeology at his alma mater and graduated in or before 1938. Afterwards, he took a teaching position at Cornell University, where he taught courses in the history of art. After completing his first publications in 1939-1940, Underwood successfully applied for a fellowship at Dumbarton Oaks.

As a junior fellow from 1943 to 1946, Underwood studied the Lateran Baptistery, the relationship of early Christian baptisteries to the tholoi, and the iconography of the “Fountain of Life,” as depicted in early Gospel manuscripts. This research resulted in an article, “The Fountain of Life in Manuscripts of the Gospels,” which was published in Dumbarton Oaks Papers (vol. 5, 1950). In February 11, 1946, the Trustees for Harvard University “voted to appoint Paul Atkins Underwood as Instructor of Byzantine Art and Archaeology at [Dumbarton Oaks for one year],” but they immediately promoted him to Assistant Professor of Byzantine Art and Archaeology in the same year until 1951. He was subsequently appointed Associate Professor of Byzantine Architecture and Archaeology in 1951-1955 (and Field Director of the Byzantine Institute, Inc., starting in 1951) and Professor of Byzantine Architecture and Archaeology in July 1960.

During his junior fellowship, Underwood, an architectural historian, joined Albert M. Friend, an art historian, and Glanville Downey, a philologist, to work on the reconstruction of the lost monument of the Holy Apostles in Constantinople. During the 1948 Dumbarton Oaks symposium, “The Church of the Holy Apostles at Constantinople,” Underwood presented two papers entitled “The Architecture of Justinian’s Church of the Holy Apostles, Parts I and II.”

After 1951, Underwood devoted the majority of his time to the Byzantine Institute, Inc., having been appointed Field Director after the death of Thomas Whittemore, the Institute’s founder and director, in 1950. He held this position until 1964. During the transition period, Underwood continued the restoration and conservation work in Istanbul, and published several reports in Dumbarton Oaks Papers on the Byzantine Institute’s work at Hagia Sophia and Kariye Camii. Other endeavors under his directorship included: the uncovering of the 7th century pavement in the Church of the Pantocrator (also known as St. Savior Pantocrator or Molla Zeyrek Camii) that was carried out from 1954 to 1962; the restoration of mosaics in the Fethiye Camii (Church of Theotokos Pammakaristos) from 1949 to 1963; the conservation of a fresco discovered at the church of St. Euphemia in 1958; and the repair work in the Fenari Isa Camii (Lips Monastery) from 1960 to 1964. Also during this period, the Byzantine Institute’s conservators worked on the mosaic of the Transfiguration at the monastery of St. Catherine on Mt. Sinai in Egypt in 1959. All of these fieldwork projects led to extensive publications.

Nom du producteur

MacDonald, William L. (William Lloyd) (1921-2010)

Notice biographique

American architectural historian of classical Rome. MacDonald participated in the Byzantine Institute's uncovering of mosaics at Hagia Sophia in the early 1950s.

Histoire archivistique

Modalités d'entrée

Zone du contenu et de la structure

Présentation du contenu

Relates to progress of the restoration work at Kariye Camii and Hagia Sophia

Évaluation, élimination et calendrier de conservation

Accroissements

Mode de classement

Zone des conditions d'accès et d'utilisation

Conditions d’accès

Conditions de reproduction

Langue des documents

Écriture des documents

Notes sur la langue et l'écriture

Caractéristiques matérielle et contraintes techniques

Instruments de recherche

Zone des sources complémentaires

Existence et lieu de conservation des originaux

Existence et lieu de conservation des copies

Unités de description associées

Zone des notes

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Points d'accès sujets

Points d'accès lieux

Points d'accès Noms

Zone du contrôle de la description

Identifiant de la description

Identifiant du service responsable de la description

Règles et/ou conventions utilisées

Niveau d'élaboration

Niveau de détail

Langue(s)

Écriture(s)

Sources

Zone des droits

Droit associé

The Byzantine Institute and Dumbarton Oaks Fieldwork Records and Papers, ca. late 1920s-2000s

Action

Research

Restriction

Autoriser

Date de début

Date de fin

Titulaire de droits

Note(s) sur les droits

Preferred citation: The Byzantine Institute and Dumbarton Oaks Fieldwork Records and Papers, ca. late 1920s-2000s, MS.BZ.004, Image Collections and Fieldwork Archives, Dumbarton Oaks, Trustees for Harvard University, Washington, D.C.

Base

Politique

Droit associé

The Byzantine Institute and Dumbarton Oaks Fieldwork Records and Papers, ca. late 1920s-2000s

Action

Publish

Restriction

Autoriser

Date de début

Date de fin

Titulaire de droits

Note(s) sur les droits

Copyright for Byzantine Institute materials belong to Dumbarton Oaks. However, permission to publish materials created by other correspondents must be obtained from the copyright holder.

Base

Droit d'auteur

Statut des droits d'auteur

Utilisation soumise à copyright

Date des statuts des droits d'auteur

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Note sur le droit d'auteur

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Personnes et organismes en relation

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Localisation physique

  • Boîte: MS.BZ.004, Subgroup 01, Box 006