@Dumbarton Oaks

Unità archivistica 182/183 - Correspondence between Ercüment Atabay and Paul Underwood

Area dell'identificazione

Codice di riferimento

DcWaDIC MS.BZ.004-01-01-04-182/183

Titolo

Correspondence between Ercüment Atabay and Paul Underwood

Date

  • Bulk: 1963-August 1968 (Creazione)
  • 1956 - 1973 (Creazione)

Livello di descrizione

Unità archivistica

Consistenza e supporto

2 folders

Area del contesto

Nome del soggetto produttore

Atabay, Ercument (born 1922)

Nota biografica

Ercüment Atabay was a professor of humanities at Robert College and Bogazici University. In the 1940s and 1950s, he assisted Robert Van Nice in his survey work at Hagia Sophia, recording approximately 1500 mason's marks from the building. He also assisted Paul Underwood while Underwood was field director of the Byzantine Institute.

Nome del soggetto produttore

Underwood, Paul A. (Paul Atkins) (February 22,1902-September 22,1968)

Nota biografica

Paul Underwood was born on February 22, 1902, in Aguadilla, Puerto Rico, and died on September 22, 1968, in Knoxville, TN. He received his Bachelor of Science degree in Architecture with high honors from Princeton University in 1925. From 1929-1931, he practiced architecture in New York, but had to postpone his career in the field due to the Great Depression. During this time, Underwood traveled to Greece, where he stayed for approximately three years, and became interested in classical and medieval monuments. In 1935, Underwood pursued a graduate degree in the Department of Art and Archaeology at his alma mater and graduated in or before 1938. Afterwards, he took a teaching position at Cornell University, where he taught courses in the history of art. After completing his first publications in 1939-1940, Underwood successfully applied for a fellowship at Dumbarton Oaks.

As a junior fellow from 1943 to 1946, Underwood studied the Lateran Baptistery, the relationship of early Christian baptisteries to the tholoi, and the iconography of the “Fountain of Life,” as depicted in early Gospel manuscripts. This research resulted in an article, “The Fountain of Life in Manuscripts of the Gospels,” which was published in Dumbarton Oaks Papers (vol. 5, 1950). In February 11, 1946, the Trustees for Harvard University “voted to appoint Paul Atkins Underwood as Instructor of Byzantine Art and Archaeology at [Dumbarton Oaks for one year],” but they immediately promoted him to Assistant Professor of Byzantine Art and Archaeology in the same year until 1951. He was subsequently appointed Associate Professor of Byzantine Architecture and Archaeology in 1951-1955 (and Field Director of the Byzantine Institute, Inc., starting in 1951) and Professor of Byzantine Architecture and Archaeology in July 1960.

During his junior fellowship, Underwood, an architectural historian, joined Albert M. Friend, an art historian, and Glanville Downey, a philologist, to work on the reconstruction of the lost monument of the Holy Apostles in Constantinople. During the 1948 Dumbarton Oaks symposium, “The Church of the Holy Apostles at Constantinople,” Underwood presented two papers entitled “The Architecture of Justinian’s Church of the Holy Apostles, Parts I and II.”

After 1951, Underwood devoted the majority of his time to the Byzantine Institute, Inc., having been appointed Field Director after the death of Thomas Whittemore, the Institute’s founder and director, in 1950. He held this position until 1964. During the transition period, Underwood continued the restoration and conservation work in Istanbul, and published several reports in Dumbarton Oaks Papers on the Byzantine Institute’s work at Hagia Sophia and Kariye Camii. Other endeavors under his directorship included: the uncovering of the 7th century pavement in the Church of the Pantocrator (also known as St. Savior Pantocrator or Molla Zeyrek Camii) that was carried out from 1954 to 1962; the restoration of mosaics in the Fethiye Camii (Church of Theotokos Pammakaristos) from 1949 to 1963; the conservation of a fresco discovered at the church of St. Euphemia in 1958; and the repair work in the Fenari Isa Camii (Lips Monastery) from 1960 to 1964. Also during this period, the Byzantine Institute’s conservators worked on the mosaic of the Transfiguration at the monastery of St. Catherine on Mt. Sinai in Egypt in 1959. All of these fieldwork projects led to extensive publications.

Storia archivistica

Modalità di acquisizione

Area del contenuto e della struttura

Ambito e contenuto

Relates to fieldwork projects at Hagia Sophia and Kariye Camii. Also includes newspaper clippings about other discoveries in Istanbul.

Valutazione e scarto

Incrementi

Sistema di ordinamento

Area delle condizioni di accesso e uso

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Note sulla lingua e sulla scrittura

Caratteristiche materiali e requisiti tecnici

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Area dei materiali collegati

Esistenza e localizzazione degli originali

Esistenza e localizzazione di copie

Unità di descrizione collegate

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Punti d'accesso per soggetto

Punti d'accesso per luogo

Punti d'accesso per nome

Area di controllo della descrizione

Codice identificativo della descrizione

Codice identificativo dell'istitituto conservatore

Norme e convenzioni utilizzate

Stato

Livello di completezza

Lingue

Scritture

Fonti

Area dei diritti

Diritto collegato

The Byzantine Institute and Dumbarton Oaks Fieldwork Records and Papers, ca. late 1920s-2000s

Atto

Research

Limitazione

Consenti

Data iniziale

Data finale

Detentore di diritti

Note sui diritti

Preferred citation: The Byzantine Institute and Dumbarton Oaks Fieldwork Records and Papers, ca. late 1920s-2000s, MS.BZ.004, Image Collections and Fieldwork Archives, Dumbarton Oaks, Trustees for Harvard University, Washington, D.C.

Base

Policy

Diritto collegato

The Byzantine Institute and Dumbarton Oaks Fieldwork Records and Papers, ca. late 1920s-2000s

Atto

Publish

Limitazione

Consenti

Data iniziale

Data finale

Detentore di diritti

Note sui diritti

Copyright for Byzantine Institute materials belong to Dumbarton Oaks. However, permission to publish materials created by other correspondents must be obtained from the copyright holder.

Base

Copyright

Stato del copyright

Under copyright

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Area dell'acquisizione

Soggetti collegati

Persone ed enti collegati

Luoghi collegati

Oggetto fisico

  • Scatola: MS.BZ.004, Subgroup 01, Box 013