@Dumbarton Oaks

Unità archivistica 070 - Bibliographic and chronological notes on Hagia Sophia, ca. 1936

Area dell'identificazione

Codice di riferimento

DcWaDIC MS.BZ.012-02-01-01-070

Titolo

Bibliographic and chronological notes on Hagia Sophia, ca. 1936

Date

  • ca. 1936 (Creazione)

Livello di descrizione

Unità archivistica

Consistenza e supporto

1 folder

Area del contesto

Nome del soggetto produttore

Byzantine Institute, Inc. (1930-1962)

Storia istituzionale/amministrativa

The Byzantine Institute (commonly known as the Byzantine Institute of America) was founded by Thomas Whittemore in 1930. On May 23, 1934, the Byzantine Institute officially became the Byzantine Institute, Inc. when it was issued a charter from the State of Massachusetts. Its mission was to conserve, restore, study, and document the Byzantine monuments, sites, architecture, and arts in the former Byzantine Empire. The first official project undertaken by the Institute was the examination and documentation of wall paintings at the Red Sea Monasteries in Egypt, which occurred between 1929 and 1931. By capturing select Byzantine iconography from the walls of St. Anthony and St. Paul, Vladimir Netchetailov produced oversize watercolor paintings of saints (Saints George, Mercurius, and Theodore Strateletes) and religious scenes (The Resurrection and Deësis).

In June 1931, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the first President of the Republic of Turkey, permitted Whittemore and the Byzantine Institute to uncover and restore the original mosaics in Hagia Sophia, which had been covered in Islamic motifs when the church was converted into a mosque in 1453 by the Ottoman Turks. With approval from the Turkish government, the Institute began the conservation and restoration campaign in December 1931. While fieldwork primarily focused on sites within Istanbul, such as Hagia Sophia and Kariye Camii, conservation efforts were also expanded to Cyprus and present-day Macedonia.

In June 1950, Thomas Whittemore, founder of the Byzantine Institute, died while en route to the State Department office of John Foster Dulles. Subsequently, Paul Atkins Underwood was appointed as the Fieldwork Director of the Byzantine Institute, a position he held until his death on September 22, 1968. While this marked a transition period for the Institute, Underwood assumed the oversight of repair and restoration in Hagia Sophia and Kariye Camii. These endeavors resulted in the uncovering of the 7th century pavement in the Church of the Pantocrator (Molla Zeyrek Camii), the restoration of mosaics in Fethiye Camii (Church of Theotokos Pammakaristos), and finally the repair work in Fenari Isa (Lips Monastery). The projects also led to several publications, such as The mosaics of Hagia Sophia at Istanbul, the portrait of the Emperor Alexander: a report on the work done by the Byzantine Institute in 1959 and 1960 by Paul A. Underwood and Ernest J. W. Hawkins. Because of insufficient funding, the Byzantine Institute officially terminated its administrative and fieldwork operations in 1962 and transferred its assets to Dumbarton Oaks. In January of 1963, Dumbarton Oaks and the trustees of Harvard University assumed all fieldwork activities formerly initiated by the Institute. Dumbarton Oaks directed and sponsored new fieldwork projects in Turkey (Church of St. Polyeuktos), Cyprus (Church of the Panagia Amasgou at Monagri), Syria (Dibsi Faraj), and present-day Macedonia (Bargala).

Storia archivistica

Modalità di acquisizione

Area del contenuto e della struttura

Ambito e contenuto

Contains notes prepared by the Byzantine Institute for William Emerson

Valutazione e scarto

Incrementi

Sistema di ordinamento

Area delle condizioni di accesso e uso

Condizioni di accesso

Condizioni di riproduzione

Lingua dei materiali

Scrittura dei materiali

Note sulla lingua e sulla scrittura

Caratteristiche materiali e requisiti tecnici

Strumenti di ricerca

Area dei materiali collegati

Esistenza e localizzazione degli originali

Esistenza e localizzazione di copie

Unità di descrizione collegate

Area delle note

Punti di accesso

Punti d'accesso per soggetto

Punti d'accesso per luogo

Punti d'accesso per nome

Area di controllo della descrizione

Codice identificativo della descrizione

Codice identificativo dell'istitituto conservatore

Norme e convenzioni utilizzate

Stato

Livello di completezza

Lingue

Scritture

Fonti

Area dei diritti

Diritto collegato

Robert L. Van Nice Fieldwork Records and Papers, ca. 1936-1989

Atto

Research

Limitazione

Consenti

Data iniziale

Data finale

Detentore di diritti

Note sui diritti

Preferred Citation: Robert L. Van Nice Fieldwork Records and Papers, ca. 1936-1989, MS.BZ.012, Image Collections and Fieldwork Archives, Dumbarton Oaks, Trustees for Harvard University, Washington, D.C.

Some materials created by Rowland J. Mainstone are restricted.

Base

Policy

Diritto collegato

Robert L. Van Nice Fieldwork Records and Papers, ca. 1936-1989

Atto

Publish

Limitazione

Consenti

Data iniziale

Data finale

Detentore di diritti

Note sui diritti

Copyright for Robert Van Nice materials belongs to Dumbarton Oaks. However, permission to publish materials created by other correspondents, including Rowland J. Mainstone, must be obtained from the copyright holder.

Base

Copyright

Stato del copyright

Under copyright

Data relativa allo stato del copyright

Ambito territoriale di applicazione del copyright

Nota sul copyright

Area dell'acquisizione

Soggetti collegati

Persone ed enti collegati

Luoghi collegati

Oggetto fisico

  • Scatola: MS.BZ.012, Subgroup 02, Box 006