@Dumbarton Oaks

Dossier 070 - Bibliographic and chronological notes on Hagia Sophia, ca. 1936

Zone d'identification

Code de référence

DcWaDIC MS.BZ.012-02-01-01-070

Intitulé

Bibliographic and chronological notes on Hagia Sophia, ca. 1936

Date(s)

  • ca. 1936 (Production)

Niveau de description

Dossier

Importance matérielle et support

1 folder

Zone du contexte

Nom du producteur

Byzantine Institute, Inc. (1930-1962)

Histoire administrative

The Byzantine Institute (commonly known as the Byzantine Institute of America) was founded by Thomas Whittemore in 1930. On May 23, 1934, the Byzantine Institute officially became the Byzantine Institute, Inc. when it was issued a charter from the State of Massachusetts. Its mission was to conserve, restore, study, and document the Byzantine monuments, sites, architecture, and arts in the former Byzantine Empire. The first official project undertaken by the Institute was the examination and documentation of wall paintings at the Red Sea Monasteries in Egypt, which occurred between 1929 and 1931. By capturing select Byzantine iconography from the walls of St. Anthony and St. Paul, Vladimir Netchetailov produced oversize watercolor paintings of saints (Saints George, Mercurius, and Theodore Strateletes) and religious scenes (The Resurrection and Deësis).

In June 1931, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the first President of the Republic of Turkey, permitted Whittemore and the Byzantine Institute to uncover and restore the original mosaics in Hagia Sophia, which had been covered in Islamic motifs when the church was converted into a mosque in 1453 by the Ottoman Turks. With approval from the Turkish government, the Institute began the conservation and restoration campaign in December 1931. While fieldwork primarily focused on sites within Istanbul, such as Hagia Sophia and Kariye Camii, conservation efforts were also expanded to Cyprus and present-day Macedonia.

In June 1950, Thomas Whittemore, founder of the Byzantine Institute, died while en route to the State Department office of John Foster Dulles. Subsequently, Paul Atkins Underwood was appointed as the Fieldwork Director of the Byzantine Institute, a position he held until his death on September 22, 1968. While this marked a transition period for the Institute, Underwood assumed the oversight of repair and restoration in Hagia Sophia and Kariye Camii. These endeavors resulted in the uncovering of the 7th century pavement in the Church of the Pantocrator (Molla Zeyrek Camii), the restoration of mosaics in Fethiye Camii (Church of Theotokos Pammakaristos), and finally the repair work in Fenari Isa (Lips Monastery). The projects also led to several publications, such as The mosaics of Hagia Sophia at Istanbul, the portrait of the Emperor Alexander: a report on the work done by the Byzantine Institute in 1959 and 1960 by Paul A. Underwood and Ernest J. W. Hawkins. Because of insufficient funding, the Byzantine Institute officially terminated its administrative and fieldwork operations in 1962 and transferred its assets to Dumbarton Oaks. In January of 1963, Dumbarton Oaks and the trustees of Harvard University assumed all fieldwork activities formerly initiated by the Institute. Dumbarton Oaks directed and sponsored new fieldwork projects in Turkey (Church of St. Polyeuktos), Cyprus (Church of the Panagia Amasgou at Monagri), Syria (Dibsi Faraj), and present-day Macedonia (Bargala).

Histoire archivistique

Modalités d'entrée

Zone du contenu et de la structure

Présentation du contenu

Contains notes prepared by the Byzantine Institute for William Emerson

Évaluation, élimination et calendrier de conservation

Accroissements

Mode de classement

Zone des conditions d'accès et d'utilisation

Conditions d’accès

Conditions de reproduction

Langue des documents

Écriture des documents

Notes sur la langue et l'écriture

Caractéristiques matérielle et contraintes techniques

Instruments de recherche

Zone des sources complémentaires

Existence et lieu de conservation des originaux

Existence et lieu de conservation des copies

Unités de description associées

Zone des notes

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Points d'accès sujets

Points d'accès lieux

Points d'accès Noms

Zone du contrôle de la description

Identifiant de la description

Identifiant du service responsable de la description

Règles et/ou conventions utilisées

Niveau d'élaboration

Niveau de détail

Langue(s)

Écriture(s)

Sources

Zone des droits

Droit associé

Robert L. Van Nice Fieldwork Records and Papers, ca. 1936-1989

Action

Research

Restriction

Autoriser

Date de début

Date de fin

Titulaire de droits

Note(s) sur les droits

Preferred Citation: Robert L. Van Nice Fieldwork Records and Papers, ca. 1936-1989, MS.BZ.012, Image Collections and Fieldwork Archives, Dumbarton Oaks, Trustees for Harvard University, Washington, D.C.

Some materials created by Rowland J. Mainstone are restricted.

Base

Politique

Droit associé

Robert L. Van Nice Fieldwork Records and Papers, ca. 1936-1989

Action

Publish

Restriction

Autoriser

Date de début

Date de fin

Titulaire de droits

Note(s) sur les droits

Copyright for Robert Van Nice materials belongs to Dumbarton Oaks. However, permission to publish materials created by other correspondents, including Rowland J. Mainstone, must be obtained from the copyright holder.

Base

Droit d'auteur

Statut des droits d'auteur

Utilisation soumise à copyright

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Note sur le droit d'auteur

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Localisation physique

  • Boîte: MS.BZ.012, Subgroup 02, Box 006